Regulation of STEP61 and tyrosine-phosphorylation of NMDA and AMPA receptors during homeostatic synaptic plasticity

Sung Soo Jang, Sara E. Royston, Jian Xu, John P. Cavaretta, Max O. Vest, Kwan Young Lee, Seungbae Lee, Han Gil Jeong, Paul J. Lombroso, Hee Jung Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Sustained changes in network activity cause homeostatic synaptic plasticity in part by altering the postsynaptic accumulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) and α-amino-3-hydroxyle-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (AMPAR), which are primary mediators of excitatory synaptic transmission. A key trafficking modulator of NMDAR and AMPAR is STriatal-Enriched protein tyrosine Phosphatase (STEP61) that opposes synaptic strengthening through dephosphorylation of NMDAR subunit GluN2B and AMPAR subunit GluA2. However, the role of STEP61 in homeostatic synaptic plasticity is unknown. Findings: We demonstrate here that prolonged activity blockade leads to synaptic scaling, and a concurrent decrease in STEP61 level and activity in rat dissociated hippocampal cultured neurons. Consistent with STEP61 reduction, prolonged activity blockade enhances the tyrosine phosphorylation of GluN2B and GluA2 whereas increasing STEP61 activity blocks this regulation and synaptic scaling. Conversely, prolonged activity enhancement increases STEP61 level and activity, and reduces the tyrosine phosphorylation and level of GluN2B as well as GluA2 expression in a STEP61-dependent manner. Conclusions: Given that STEP61-mediated dephosphorylation of GluN2B and GluA2 leads to their internalization, our results collectively suggest that activity-dependent regulation of STEP61 and its substrates GluN2B and GluA2 may contribute to homeostatic stabilization of excitatory synapses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number55
JournalMolecular Brain
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 22 2015

Keywords

  • Bicuculline
  • GluA2
  • GluN2B
  • Hippocampal neurons
  • Homeostatic plasticity
  • STEP
  • Synaptic scaling
  • Tetrodotoxin
  • Tyrosine phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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