‘Reins’ spring oat (Avena sativa L.) (Reg. No. CV-381, PI 678937) is an early-maturing cultivar adapted to production in Illinois and surrounding states. It was developed by the University of Illinois Agricultural Experiment Station and was released in 2015. Reins was tested as IL06-5433. The pedigree of Reins is IL00-4827/Buckskin. Reins is a medium-short cultivar with high test weight and good lodging resistance. Over 29 trials in Illinois, grain yield of Reins averaged 4845 kg ha−1 compared with 4480 kg ha−1 for ‘Excel’, 4588 kg ha−1 for ‘Saber’, and 4301kg ha−1 for ‘Spurs’ at the same locations. Reins is about 1 d earlier than Saber and 1 d later than Excel. Reins is about 8 cm shorter than Excel and 5 cm shorter than Saber. Test weight of Reins has been about 3.9 kg hL−1 higher than Excel and about 2.6 kg hL−1 higher than Saber. Reins is resistant to loose smut and is tolerant to Barley yellow dwarf virus, with an average score of 3.8 over nine trials compared with 3.4 for Excel, 3.6 for Saber, and 4.0 for Spurs on a 0-to-9 scale where 0 = very tolerant. Reins is moderately resistant to moderately susceptible to crown rust depending on races present at a location. It has plump, tan kernels. Reins was selected and released based on high yield potential, excellent test weight, short plant stature, tolerance to Barley yellow dwarf virus, lodging resistance, and resistance to loose smut.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science