Regional convergence and the economic performance of peripheral areas in Turkey

Ferhan Gezici, Geoffrey J.D. Hewings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The objective of this paper is to examine regional convergence and core-periphery relations in Turkey. The main question explores the degree to which there has been a transformation of interregional disparities in terms of "convergence" and performance of peripheral regions in Turkey by considering GDP per capita over the 1980-97 period. As a result of σ and β convergence (absolute and conditional) analyses, following Borrow and Sala-i-Martin (1995), there is no evidence for convergence across both provinces and the functional regions in Turkey from 1980 to 1997. Moreover, a high level of the spatial dependence was revealed. Therefore, the level of regional GDP per capita growth was highly related to the neighbors and disparities are still obvious between the east and west of Turkey. Most of the new dynamic areas are also located in the west. Notwithstanding policies for "Priority Provinces in Development" (PPD), the findings of the convergence analysis indicates that PPDs do not grow faster than core-developed provinces. Moreover, the majority of them remained as poor regions with their neighbors. While the PPDs share similar features compare to the developed provinces, they are differentiated in terms of their performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-132
Number of pages20
JournalReview of Urban and Regional Development Studies
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development


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