Refrigerant distribution in the vertical header of the microchannel heat exchanger - Measurement and visualization of R410A flow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper presents the R410A adiabatic upward flow in three vertical headers of microchannel heat exchangers. All microchannel tubes are inserted into the half depth. The objectives are to explore what affects R410A distribution and attempt to predict the distribution. R410A is circulated into the header through the (5 or 10) tubes in the bottom pass and exits through the (5 or 10) tubes in the top pass. It represents the flow in the outdoor heat exchanger (usually used as the condenser) when it is used as the evaporator in the heat pump mode of reversible systems. The quality was typically varied from 0.2 to 0.8 and the mass flow rate from 1.5 to 4.5 kg h-1 per tube. The best distribution was observed at high mass flux and low quality. The experiment and visualization reveals the flow pattern effects in terms of homogeneity and momentum. The churn flow had better distribution since the two-phase mixture was more homogenous and the distribution was better at high mass flux in the header because the higher momentum liquid was able to reach the top exit tube.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2196-2208
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Refrigeration
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

Keywords

  • Heat exchanger
  • Microchannel
  • Refrigerant distribution
  • Two-phase flow
  • Vertical header

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering

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