Refractive index matched PIV measurements of flow around interacting barchan dunes

Nathaniel Bristow, Gianluca Blois, James Leonard Best, Kenneth Christensen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Barchan dunes are crescent shaped bedforms found in both aeolian and subaqueous environments, including deserts, river beds, continental shelves, and even the craters of Mars. The evolution of and dynamics associated with these mobile bedforms involve a strong degree of coupling between sediment transport, morphological change, and flow, the last of which represents the weakest link in our current understanding of barchan morphodynamics. Their three-dimensional geometry presents experimental challenges for measuring the full flow field, particularly around the horns and in the leeside of the dunes. In this study we present measurements of the turbulent flow surrounding fixed barchan dune models in various configurations using particle image velocimetry in a refractive index matching flume environment. The refractive index matching technique opens the door to making measurements in wall-parallel planes surrounding the models, as well as wall-normal plane measurements in the leeside region between the horns. While fixed bed experiments are unable to directly measure sediment transport, they allow us to focus solely on the flow physics and full resolution of the turbulent flow field in ways that are otherwise not possible in mobile bed experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017
PublisherInternational Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP10
ISBN (Electronic)9780000000002
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Jul 6 2017Jul 9 2017

Publication series

Name10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017
Volume2

Other

Other10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period7/6/177/9/17

Fingerprint

barchan
refractive index
dune
Refractive index
Sediment transport
Turbulent flow
Flow fields
bedform
turbulent flow
flow field
sediment transport
Velocity measurement
morphodynamics
river bed
Physics
Rivers
Experiments
crater
Mars
continental shelf

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Aerospace Engineering

Cite this

Bristow, N., Blois, G., Best, J. L., & Christensen, K. (2017). Refractive index matched PIV measurements of flow around interacting barchan dunes. In 10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017 (10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017; Vol. 2). International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP10.

Refractive index matched PIV measurements of flow around interacting barchan dunes. / Bristow, Nathaniel; Blois, Gianluca; Best, James Leonard; Christensen, Kenneth.

10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017. International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP10, 2017. (10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017; Vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Bristow, N, Blois, G, Best, JL & Christensen, K 2017, Refractive index matched PIV measurements of flow around interacting barchan dunes. in 10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017. 10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017, vol. 2, International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP10, 10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017, Chicago, United States, 7/6/17.
Bristow N, Blois G, Best JL, Christensen K. Refractive index matched PIV measurements of flow around interacting barchan dunes. In 10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017. International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP10. 2017. (10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017).
Bristow, Nathaniel ; Blois, Gianluca ; Best, James Leonard ; Christensen, Kenneth. / Refractive index matched PIV measurements of flow around interacting barchan dunes. 10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017. International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP10, 2017. (10th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, TSFP 2017).
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