Reflected blessings: Position estimation using non-line-of-sight GPS signals

Yuting Ng, Grace Xingxin Gao

Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle


Building obstructions and reflections present serious challenges to GPS receivers operating in urban environments. In such environments, buildings may obstruct GPS signals, leading to reduced GPS signal availability. In addition, buildings may reflect GPS signals, resulting in reception of nonline-of-sight (NLOS) signals. The latest approaches use available 3D maps to predict NLOS signal reception. Apart from rejecting and/or mitigating the effects of NLOS pseudoranges, state-of-the-art approaches leverage the benefits of NLOS pseudoranges, constructively using the affected pseudorange measurements through special treatment of NLOS paths during trilateration. Using 3D building models, they model NLOS paths as LOS paths from satellites to virtual receivers located at receiver mirror-image positions. However, these approaches are limited by the issue of reduced signal availability due to multipath fading in addition to building obstruction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages6
Specialist publicationGPS World
StatePublished - Mar 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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