Reduction of Sudden death syndrome foliar symptoms and Fusarium virguliforme DNA in roots inoculated with rhizophagus intraradices

Michelle L. Pawlowski, Glen L. Hartman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is increasing interest in incorporating arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) into agricultural production because of the benefits they provide, including protection against pathogens and pests. Sudden death syndrome (SDS) of soybean is a devastating disease caused by the soilborne pathogen Fusarium virguliforme. Multiple management methods are needed to control SDS. The relationship between F. virguliforme and AMF is not well documented. The goal of this study was to determine whether soybean plants co-inoculated with F. virguliforme and the AMF species Rhizophagus intraradices showed reduced SDS foliar symptom severity and reduced relative F. virguliforme DNA quantities in soybean roots. Six soybean genotypes were inoculated with F. virguliforme alone or with R. intraradices in a greenhouse experiment. Averaged over the six soybean genotypes, area under the disease progress curve values and relative F. virguliforme DNA quantities were 45 and 28% lower (P < 0.05), respectively, in roots co-inoculated with R. intraradices compared with roots of control plants inoculated with F. virguliforme only. Weight of roots co-inoculated with R. intraradices were 58% higher (P < 0.05) compared with roots of plants not inoculated with R. intraradices. Nutrient analysis showed higher boron, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and sulfur concentrations in root tissues of plants co-inoculated with R. intraradices compared with plants inoculated with F. virguliforme (P < 0.05). Overall, this study showed that R. intraradices reduced SDS severity and relative F. virguliforme DNA quantities while simultaneously increasing growth and nutrient uptake of plants. Further testing of AMF inoculants in the field will indicate whether incorporating them into soybean SDS management practices will reduce the impact of SDS on soybean production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1415-1420
Number of pages6
JournalPlant disease
Volume104
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
  • Soybean
  • Sudden death syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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