The performance of multidimensional spatially selective radiofrequency (RF) pulses is often limited by their long duration. In this article, high-order, nonlinear gradients are exploited to reduce multidimensional RF pulse length. Specifically, by leveraging the multidimensional spatial dependence of second-order gradients, a two-dimensional spatial-spectral RF pulse is designed to achieve three-dimensional spatial selectivity, i.e., to excite a circular region-of-interest in a thin slice for reduced field-of-view imaging. Compared to conventional methods that use three-dimensional RF pulses and linear gradients, the proposed method requires only two-dimensional RF pulses, and thus can significantly shorten the RF pulses and/or improve excitation accuracy. The proposed method has been validated through Bloch equation simulations and phantom experiments on a commercial 3.0T MRI scanner. Magn Reson Med, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
- multidimensional radiofrequency pulse
- Radiofrequency pulse design
- reduced field-of-view excitation
- second-order gradient
- spatial-spectral radiofrequency pulse
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging