Recommendations for optimization of fortified and blended food aid products from the United States

Lisa E. Fleige, Wayne R. Moore, Peter J. Garlick, Suzanne P. Murphy, Elizabeth H. Turner, Michael L. Dunn, Bernhard Van Lengerich, Frank T. Orthoefer, Sara E. Schaefer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Fortified blended foods (FBFs)were introduced into the Food for Peace program(also known as US Public Law 480) in the 1960s. Minimal changes have since been made to their formulations. A Food Aid Quality Enhancement Project to assess the nutritional adequacy of FBFs for vulnerable populations was conducted, and the findings indicate that FBFs do not meet the nutritional needs of infants and young children between the ages of 6 and 24 months. Improvements are also needed for FBFs intended for school-aged children and adults. Two separate products would better meet the varying nutritional needs of diverse groups of beneficiaries. Proposed here is a two-step strategy for better addressing the needs of today's food aid beneficiaries: 1) improving FBFs for general distribution to households, schools, and emergency settings, with potential efficiencies gained in manufacturing and formulation to reduce costs; 2) developing new products for infants and young children, which would deliver the nutrient density required for growth and development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)290-315
Number of pages26
JournalNutrition reviews
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2010


  • Corn soy blend
  • Food aid
  • Fortified blended foods
  • Title II

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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