Recessions and health revisited

New findings for working age adults

Benjamin Crost, Andrew Friedson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A series of influential papers have documented that state level mortality rates decrease during economic downturns. In this paper, we estimate the effect of education specific unemployment rates on mortality, which provide a more exact measure of the likelihood of being directly impacted by a recession. We find that the unemployment rate of an education group in a given state is positively related to mortality in that group. A 1% increase in the group-specific unemployment rate is associated with an approximately 0.015% increase in the group-specific mortality rate, which is consistent with the hypothesis that, while state-level unemployment may have indirect health benefits, being personally affected by a recession has a detrimental effect on health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-247
Number of pages7
JournalEconomics and Human Biology
Volume27
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

Fingerprint

Unemployment
recession
unemployment rate
mortality
Mortality
Health
health
group education
Education
Group
Insurance Benefits
unemployment
Economics
economics
education

Keywords

  • Mortality
  • Recessions
  • Unemployment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Recessions and health revisited : New findings for working age adults. / Crost, Benjamin; Friedson, Andrew.

In: Economics and Human Biology, Vol. 27, 01.11.2017, p. 241-247.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{dffbbfbd97854d67a6f77924011962ff,
title = "Recessions and health revisited: New findings for working age adults",
abstract = "A series of influential papers have documented that state level mortality rates decrease during economic downturns. In this paper, we estimate the effect of education specific unemployment rates on mortality, which provide a more exact measure of the likelihood of being directly impacted by a recession. We find that the unemployment rate of an education group in a given state is positively related to mortality in that group. A 1{\%} increase in the group-specific unemployment rate is associated with an approximately 0.015{\%} increase in the group-specific mortality rate, which is consistent with the hypothesis that, while state-level unemployment may have indirect health benefits, being personally affected by a recession has a detrimental effect on health.",
keywords = "Mortality, Recessions, Unemployment",
author = "Benjamin Crost and Andrew Friedson",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ehb.2017.07.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "241--247",
journal = "Economics and Human Biology",
issn = "1570-677X",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Recessions and health revisited

T2 - New findings for working age adults

AU - Crost, Benjamin

AU - Friedson, Andrew

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - A series of influential papers have documented that state level mortality rates decrease during economic downturns. In this paper, we estimate the effect of education specific unemployment rates on mortality, which provide a more exact measure of the likelihood of being directly impacted by a recession. We find that the unemployment rate of an education group in a given state is positively related to mortality in that group. A 1% increase in the group-specific unemployment rate is associated with an approximately 0.015% increase in the group-specific mortality rate, which is consistent with the hypothesis that, while state-level unemployment may have indirect health benefits, being personally affected by a recession has a detrimental effect on health.

AB - A series of influential papers have documented that state level mortality rates decrease during economic downturns. In this paper, we estimate the effect of education specific unemployment rates on mortality, which provide a more exact measure of the likelihood of being directly impacted by a recession. We find that the unemployment rate of an education group in a given state is positively related to mortality in that group. A 1% increase in the group-specific unemployment rate is associated with an approximately 0.015% increase in the group-specific mortality rate, which is consistent with the hypothesis that, while state-level unemployment may have indirect health benefits, being personally affected by a recession has a detrimental effect on health.

KW - Mortality

KW - Recessions

KW - Unemployment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028000931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85028000931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ehb.2017.07.002

DO - 10.1016/j.ehb.2017.07.002

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 241

EP - 247

JO - Economics and Human Biology

JF - Economics and Human Biology

SN - 1570-677X

ER -