Recent advances in biocatalysis by directed enzyme evolution

Sheryl B. Rubin-Pitel, Huimin Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Naturally occurring enzymes are remarkable biocatalysts with numerous potential applications in industry and medicine. However, many of their catalyst properties often need to be further tailored to meet the specific requirements of a given application. Within this context, directed evolution has emerged over the past decade as a powerful tool for engineering enzymes with new or improved functions. This review summarizes recent advances in applying directed evolution approaches to alter various enzyme properties such as activity, selectivity (enantio- and regio-), substrate specificity, stability, and solubility. Special attention will be paid to the creation of novel enzyme activities and products by directed evolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-257
Number of pages11
JournalCombinatorial Chemistry and High Throughput Screening
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2006

Keywords

  • Biocatalysis
  • Directed evolution
  • Enzyme engineering
  • Novel function
  • Rational design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology

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