Reasons Why Pregnant Women Participate in Ultrasound Research Involving Transvaginal Scans

Barbara T. Meagher, Marissa R. Campos, Patrick Thornton, Carrie Klima, Tara A. Peters, Josefin Hallberg, Emma Ulfhager, William D. O'Brien, Barbara L. McFarlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the motivations of pregnant women in participating in an ultrasound study and the acceptability of vaginal ultrasound examinations. Methods: A prospective sample of 270 women were asked one question: “Can you tell me what motivated you to participate in the study?” The data were then analyzed through a qualitative thematic analysis with an inductive approach. In addition to the thematic analysis, quantification of the data was performed to enhance the qualitative result. Results: Through the thematic analysis, 5 themes emerged from the responses of the participants: altruism, research, personal experience, personal benefit, and finding out. All responses were relatively short, and some responses included more than one theme. Conclusions: Vaginal ultrasound examinations were acceptable to the participants, and pregnant women had many motivations to participate. Regardless of race, ethnicity, or insurance status, the women in our study were altruistic and curious about our research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1581-1587
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2020


  • pregnant women in research
  • preterm birth
  • recruitment
  • research participation
  • ultrasound research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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