Reasoning and Problem Solving: Models

A. K. Barbey, L. W. Barsalou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The ability to draw new conclusions from known facts and hypotheses is central to human thought, enabling syllogistic reasoning, problem solving, causal reasoning, and analogical inference. We review contemporary psychological theories and emerging neuroscience evidence from each domain. Current neuroscience research demonstrates that reasoning is typically mediated by broadly distributed neural systems that are highly sensitive to the semantic content and cognitive demands of the reasoning problem. This article provides preliminary support for psychological theories that advocate modality-specific representations and endorse multiple reasoning systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Analogical reasoning
  • Causal reasoning
  • Cognitive architecture
  • Cognitive demand
  • Deduction
  • Distributed systems
  • Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
  • Embodiment
  • Frontal cortex
  • Frontopolar cortex
  • Imagery
  • Induction
  • Inference
  • Knowledgemental logic
  • Mental models
  • Modularity
  • Planning
  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Problem solving
  • Reasoning
  • Representation
  • Task specificity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Reasoning and Problem Solving: Models'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this