Realization by impedance discontinuity of a unidirectional wave in a duct with harmonically perturbed uniform mean flow

Yongxiong Xiao, Huancai Lu, Daren Zhou, D. Michael McFarland, Alexander F. Vakakis, Lawrence A. Bergman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper presents a study of intentionally induced acoustic mode complexity in rigid-walled ducts of separable geometry and with uniform mean flow. An intermediately located perforated plate conceptualized as an impedance discontinuity is employed to maximize the acoustic mode complexity, in turn producing a unidirectional traveling wave from the source to the impedance discontinuity. The impedance of the perforated plate for realization of a unidirectional traveling wave is derived analytically and is found to be a function of the modal wavenumbers, the Mach number of the mean flow, the position of the perforated plate, and the termination impedance. The conditions derived analytically are verified computationally by finite element analysis. A measure of acoustic mode complexity is defined and also evaluated from the finite element analysis. It is found that the realization of a unidirectional traveling wave is robust at low Mach number mean flows, except at the occurrence of resonances. The method presented in this work provides a strategy to control the transmission of acoustic energy in rigid-walled ducts of separable geometry in the presence of uniform mean flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3048-3057
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume145
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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