Real-time gas cooling of flowing liquid lithium limiter for the EAST

X. C. Meng, M. Huang, C. L. Li, Z. Sun, W. Xu, R. Maingi, K. Tritz, D. Andruczyk, Y. Z. Qian, Q. X. Yang, X. L. Yuan, J. J. Huang, X. Gao, B. Yu, J. G. Li, G. Z. Zuo, J. S. Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A novel continuously flowing liquid lithium limiter (FLiLi) which employs an in-vessel electro-magnetic pump to drive liquid Li flowing on the surface of limiter has been successfully designed and tested in the experimental advanced superconducting tokamak (EAST) device in 2014. In order to better control the surface temperature, an upgraded design and the real-time gas cooling were performed in 2016. Two kinds of cooling gas, helium (He) and argon (Ar) were tested on the FLiLi system prior to the experiment. It was found that the cooling rates of He and Ar at 2.5 MPa are 34.2 ℃/min, 10.2 ℃/min or 31.7 ℃/kL and 28.1 ℃/kL, respectively. The cooling performance of He is more effective than Ar. Experimental results show that the real-time He cooling could effectively contain the FLiLi surface temperature increase and prevent the strong passive evaporation of lithium during plasma discharges. Limiter heat flux up to 0.2 MW/m2 was removed during ohmic discharge with 2.5 MPa He gas. Finally, Because of the upgraded design and real-time gas cooling, the surface of FLiLi was not damaged by heat flux after entire plasma discharge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111537
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
StatePublished - May 2020


  • Gas cooling
  • Heat flux
  • Liquid lithium limiter
  • Plasma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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