The serum lipopolysaccharide (LPS) binding protein, LBP, has been shown to greatly enhance cellular responses to low concentrations of LPS. Purified LBP facilitates the transfer of LPS to membranebound or soluble CD14; the CD14/LPS complex then triggers a signal in responsive cells. We have cloned and sequenced a cDNA encoding murine LBP, and produced recombinant murine LBP using a baculovirus expression system. Using either a solid-phase or a cytofluorometric assay, recombinant murine and human LBP were found to bind avidly to free LPS, but only weakly to live bacteria from most LPS-containing Gram negative strains. Binding correlated loosely with the length and composition of the polysaccharide O chains. However, recombinant LBP did bind well to all heat-killed bacterial preparations. These findings suggest that LBP could be implicated in the response to killed but not live Gram negative bacteria.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of inflammation|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine