Rationale for the Essential Components of Physical Education

Shannon L Michael, Carly Wright, Amelia Mays Woods, Hans van der Mars, Timothy A Brusseau, David F Stodden, Sheri L Burson, Jenna Fisher, Chad M Killian, Shannon C Mulhearn, Danielle R Nesbitt, Christopher D Pfledderer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: This introductory article provides the context and rationale for conducting systematic literature reviews on each of the essential components of physical education, including policy and environment, curriculum, appropriate instruction, and student assessment. Methods: Four research teams from Doctoral Physical Education Teacher Education programs (D-PETE) conducted these systematic reviews using the PRISMA guidelines process. Results: This article explains the role of the national framework for increasing physical education and physical activity (i.e., Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program) in supporting the essential components of physical education. It also highlights the expectations for physical education and provides a brief history of these components. Lastly, this article highlights each of the articles presented in the special feature. Conclusion: Understanding the implementation of these components may be important for improving the physical education experience for all students and creating a foundation for lifelong physical activity and health.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-208
Number of pages7
JournalResearch Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
Issue number2
Early online dateJan 19 2021
StatePublished - 2021


  • Assessment; curriculum; instruction; policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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