Rate-enhancing roles of water molecules in methyltrioxorhenium-catalyzed olefin epoxidation by hydrogen peroxide

Bryan R. Goldsmith, Taeho Hwang, Stefan Seritan, Baron Peters, Susannah L. Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Olefin epoxidation catalyzed by methyltrioxorhenium (MTO, CH3ReO3) is strongly accelerated in the presence of H2O. The participation of H2O in each of the elementary steps of the catalytic cycle, involving the formation of the peroxo complexes (CH3ReO22-O2), A, and CH3ReO(η2-O2)2(H2O), B), as well as in their subsequent epoxidation of cyclohexene, was examined in aqueous acetonitrile. Experimental measurements demonstrate that the epoxidation steps exhibit only weak [H2O] dependence, attributed by DFT calculations to hydrogen bonding between uncoordinated H2O and a peroxo ligand. The primary cause of the observed H2O acceleration is the strong co-catalytic effect of water on the rates at which A and B are regenerated and consequently on the relative abundances of the three interconverting Re-containing species at steady state. Proton transfer from weakly coordinated H2O2 to the oxo ligands of MTO and A, resulting in peroxo complex formation, is directly mediated by solvent H2O molecules. Computed activation parameters and kinetic isotope effects, in combination with proton-inventory experiments, suggest a proton shuttle involving one or (most favorably) two H2O molecules in the key ligand-exchange steps to form A and B from MTO and A, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9604-9616
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume137
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 5 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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