Raptor Emergency and Critical Care: Assessment and Examination

J. Jill Heatley, Steve Marks, Mark Mitchell, Tom Tully

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Raptors are commonly presented with traumatic injuries and therefore need emergency stabilization. Triage is key to a successful outcome. History may be minimal, but field guides can help determine signalment. Raptor physiology, temperament, and presentation status make it challenging to evaluate respiratory, cardiovascular, neurologic, and musculoskeletal systems. Priority should be given to emergency stabilization, with a visual evaluation preceding manual restraint for physical examination, which should then proceed in a stepwise manner. The suggested minimum database should be tailored to the individual veterinary clinic but can be accomplished with minimal time and cost. Further diagnostics should be based on suspected or common diagnostic differentials in the affected system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-448
Number of pages7
JournalCompendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • veterinary(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Raptor Emergency and Critical Care: Assessment and Examination'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this