Abstract

The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is regulated, in part, by the endogenous inhibitor DEPTOR. However, the mechanism of DEPTOR regulation with regard to rapid mTORC1 activation remains unknown. We report that DEPTOR is rapidly and temporarily dissociated from mTORC1 upon mitogenic stimulation, suggesting a mechanism underlying acute mTORC1 activation. This mitogen-stimulated DEPTOR dissociation is blocked by inhibition or depletion of the mTORC1 regulator, phospholipase D (PLD), and recapitulated with the addition of the PLD product phosphatidic acid (PA). Our mass spectrometry analysis has independently identified DEPTOR as an mTOR binding partner dissociated by PA. Interestingly, only PA species with unsaturated fatty acid chains, such as those produced by PLD, arecapable of displacing DEPTOR and activating mTORC1, with high affinity for the FRB domain of mTOR. Our findings reveal a mechanism of mTOR regulation and provide a molecular explanation for the exquisite specificity of PA function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)549-556
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular cell
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 7 2015

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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