Identification of CD4+ T-cell epitopes is a critical step in studying and modulating the immune responses to tumors, infectious agents, and autoantigens. Here we report a facile, accurate, and high-throughput method for CD4+ T-cell epitope identification using yeast displaying pathogen-derived peptide library. A library of DNA fragments that encode all the possible peptides with 10-20 amino acids from the antigens (single antigenic proteins or pathogenic organisms) are fused to the gene encoding the restriction single-chain MHC class II molecule in a yeast display vector. The resultant library of recombinant yeast cells are analyzed by FACS to identify those containing peptides with high affinity towards the restriction MHC molecule, which are subsequently screened for their ability to induce antigen-specific T-cell activation. DNA sequence analysis of selected positive clones results in direct identification of the antigenic peptides. We show that this method can be used to rapidly pinpoint the HA306-322 epitope from the haemagglutinin protein and the entire influenza virus X31/A/Aichi/68 genome, respectively.
- Flow cytometry
- Single-chain peptide-MHC complex
- T-cell epitopes
- Yeast display
ASJC Scopus subject areas