Raising the active site of factor VIIa above the membrane surface reduces its procoagulant activity but not factor VII autoactivation

Emily K. Waters, Subramanian Yegneswaran, James H. Morrissey

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Tissue factor, the physiologic trigger of blood clotting, is the membrane-anchored protein cofactor for the plasma serine protease, factor VIIa. Tissue factor is hypothesized to position and align the active site of factor VIIa relative to the membrane surface for optimum proteolytic attack on the scissile bonds of membrane-bound protein substrates such as factor X. We tested this hypothesis by raising the factor VIIa binding site above the membrane surface by creating chimeras containing the tissue factor ectodomain linked to varying portions of the membrane-anchored protein, P-selectin. The tissue factor/P-selectin chimeras bound factor VIIa with high affinity and supported full allosteric activation of factor VIIa toward tripeptidyl-amide substrates. That the active site of factor VIIa was raised above the membrane surface when bound to tissue factor/P-selectin chimeras was confirmed using resonance energy transfer techniques in which appropriate fluorescent dyes were placed in the active site of factor VIIa and at the membrane surface. The chimeras were deficient in supporting factor X activation by factor VIIa due to decreased kcat. The chimeras were also markedly deficient in clotting plasma, although incubating factor VII or VIIa with the chimeras prior to the addition of plasma restored much of their procoagulant activity. Interestingly, all chimeras fully supported tissue factor-dependent factor VII autoactivation. These studies indicate that proper positioning of the factor VII/VIIa binding site on tissue factor above the membrane surface is important for efficient rates of activation of factor X by this membrane-bound enzyme/cofactor complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26062-26068
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number36
StatePublished - Sep 8 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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