ABSTRACT: Image reconstruction algorithms were developed for radiation source mapping and used for generating the search path of a moving radiation detector, such as one onboard an unmanned aerial vehicle. Simulations consisted of first assuming radioactive sources of varying complexity and estimating the radiation fields that would then be produced by that source distribution. Next, the "measurements" that would result from a pair of adjacent spatial locations were computed. A crude estimate of the source distribution likely to have produced such "measurements" was reconstructed based upon the limited measurements. Location of the next "measurement" was then determined as halfway between the location of the estimated source and the current "measurement." With each additional sample, improved source distribution reconstructions were made and used to inform the immediate direction of detector motion. Source reconstruction or mapping was formulated as an inverse problem solved with either maximum a posteriori or least squares (LS) regression deconvolution methods. Different amounts of noise were added to the simulated "measurements," allowing evaluation of the methods' performances as functions of signal-to-noise ratio of the measured map. As expected, methods that promote sparsity were better suited in reconstructing point sources. Reliable prior information of the source distribution also improved the reconstruction results, especially with distributed sources. With a non-negative least square algorithm and the suggested paths it generated, location of sources was successfully estimated to an accuracy of 0.014 m within nine iterations in a single-source scenario and 12 iterations in a two-source scenario, given a 10% error on the integrated counts and a Poisson distribution of the noise associated with the measured counts.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis