Radial neutral gas temperature and density profiles in low-pressure argon discharges

James Gary Eden, B. E. Cherrington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper we describe the direct measurement of the neutral gas density and the determination of the neutral temperature profiles in a low-pressure weakly ionized argon discharge. The measurements were made using a single-wavelength coupled cavity laser interferometer to study the neutral density variations in the afterglow of a crowbarred dc (steady-state) discharge. The temporal and radial variations of the neutral gas density in the afterglow were used to infer the dc steady-state gas density and temperature profiles, assuming an ideal gas. It is shown that the profiles are strongly current and pressure dependent and that the axial depletion of neutrals can be as high as 25-30%. Long neutral relaxation times (2-3 msec) were encountered in order to reach thermal equilibrium in the afterglow for the pressures and currents studied (1-10 Torr, 50-350 mA). Radial profiles of the neutral gas density for a fixed pressure and current are in agreement with the hypothesis that neutral heating is caused primarily by collisions with the electron gas, resulting in a convective flow of the hot neutrals radially outward towards the cooler walls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4920-4926
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume44
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1973

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neutral gases
gas density
gas temperature
temperature profiles
low pressure
afterglows
argon
profiles
convective flow
ideal gas
laser cavities
coolers
electron gas
depletion
interferometers
relaxation time
heating
collisions
wavelengths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Radial neutral gas temperature and density profiles in low-pressure argon discharges. / Eden, James Gary; Cherrington, B. E.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 44, No. 11, 01.12.1973, p. 4920-4926.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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