TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantum Maxwell's Equations Made Simple

T2 - Employing Scalar and Vector Potential Formulation

AU - Chew, Weng Cho

AU - Na, Dong Yeop

AU - Bermel, Peter

AU - Roth, Thomas E.

AU - Ryu, Christopher J.

AU - Kudeki, Erhan

N1 - Funding Information:
We received support from National Science Foundation Grant 1818910.
Publisher Copyright:
© 1990-2011 IEEE.

PY - 2021/2

Y1 - 2021/2

N2 - We present a succinct way to quantize Maxwell's equations. We begin by discussing the random nature of quantum observables. Then we present the quantum Maxwell's equations and give their physical meanings. Due to the mathematical homomorphism between the classical and quantum cases [1], the derivation of quantum Maxwell's equations can be simplified. First, one needs only to verify that the classical equations of motion are derivable from a Hamiltonian by energy-conservation arguments. Then the quantum equations of motion follow due to homomorphism, which applies to sum-separable Hamiltonians. Hence, we first show the derivation of classical Maxwell's equations using Hamiltonian theory. Then the derivation of the quantum Maxwell's equations follows in an analogous fashion. Finally, we apply this quantization procedure to the dispersive medium case. (This article is written for the classical electromagnetic community assuming little knowledge of quantum theory, an introduction of which can be found in [2, Lecs. 38 and 39].)

AB - We present a succinct way to quantize Maxwell's equations. We begin by discussing the random nature of quantum observables. Then we present the quantum Maxwell's equations and give their physical meanings. Due to the mathematical homomorphism between the classical and quantum cases [1], the derivation of quantum Maxwell's equations can be simplified. First, one needs only to verify that the classical equations of motion are derivable from a Hamiltonian by energy-conservation arguments. Then the quantum equations of motion follow due to homomorphism, which applies to sum-separable Hamiltonians. Hence, we first show the derivation of classical Maxwell's equations using Hamiltonian theory. Then the derivation of the quantum Maxwell's equations follows in an analogous fashion. Finally, we apply this quantization procedure to the dispersive medium case. (This article is written for the classical electromagnetic community assuming little knowledge of quantum theory, an introduction of which can be found in [2, Lecs. 38 and 39].)

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U2 - 10.1109/MAP.2020.3036098

DO - 10.1109/MAP.2020.3036098

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85097945094

SN - 1045-9243

VL - 63

SP - 14

EP - 26

JO - IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine

JF - IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine

IS - 1

M1 - 9286841

ER -