DNA-point accumulation for imaging at nanoscale topography (DNA-PAINT) can image fixed biological specimens with nanometer resolution and absolute stoichiometry. In living systems, however, the usage of DNA-PAINT has been limited due to high salt concentration in the buffer required for specific binding of the imager to the docker attached to the target. Here, we used multiple binding motifs of the docker, from 2 to 16, to accelerate the binding speed of the imager under physiological buffer conditions without compromising spatial resolution and maintaining the basal level homeostasis during the measurement. We imaged endogenous α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptor (AMPAR) in cultured neurons—critical proteins involved in nerve communication—by DNA-PAINT in 3-dimensions using a monovalent single-chain variable fragment (scFv) to the GluA1 subunit of AMPAR. We found a heterogeneous distribution of synaptic AMPARs: ≈60% are immobile, primarily in nanodomains, defined as AMPARs that are within 0.3 μm of the Homer1 protein in the postsynaptic density; the other ∼40% of AMPARs have restricted mobility and trajectory.
- CP: Imaging
- CP: Neuroscience
- live cell imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Computer Science Applications