Eight normal dogs with no evidence of renal disease, weighing between 8 and 25 kg were imaged using contrast harmonic ultrasound after injection of a microbubble contrast medium. All dogs received three separate bolus injections of 0.05 ml of commercial contrast medium (Definity®). Time/mean pixel value (MPV) curves were generated for selected regions in the cortex and medulla of the left kidney in each dog. Upslope, downslope, baseline, peak intensity, and time to peak were calculated for each zone. For a bolus injection, within the renal cortex (averaging all subjects) the upslope was 7.4±1.5 MPV/s, downslope was -0.4±.2 MPV/s, baseline was 66.8±9.3 MPV, peak was 103.6±8.2 MPV, time to peak (from injection) was 12.8±5.3 s and from time of contrast medium reaching the kidney was 5.1±2.0 s. Within the renal medulla (averaging all subjects), upslope was 2.8±1.7 MPV/s, downslope was -0.3±.2 MPV/s, baseline was 39.3±6.0 MPV, peak was 65.2±14.3 MPV, time to peak from injection was 20.9±6.4 s and from time of contrast reaching the kidney was 11.6±4.1 s. These baseline data may prove useful in the evaluation of dogs with diffuse disease or vascular compromise.
- Contrast ultrasound
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