Quantitative contrast harmonic ultrasound imaging of normal canine liver

Laura E. Ziegler, Robert T. O'Brien, Kenneth R. Waller, James A. Zagzebski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Eight adult dogs with no evidence of liver disease, weighing between 8 and 25 kg were imaged after injection of a microbubble contrast medium using harmonic ultrasound imaging. All dogs received three separate bolus contrast injections, and six dogs also received three separate constant rate infusions each. Time/Mean Pixel Value curves were generated for selected regions of the liver. Upslope, downslope, baseline, peak, change, and time to peak were calculated. For bolus injection (averaging all subjects), upslope was 3.85 ± 1.50 Mean Pixel Values/s, downslope was -0.71 ± 0.30 Mean Pixel Values/s, baseline was 72.38 ± 17.82 Mean Pixel Values, peak was 120.26 ± 17.44 Mean Pixel Value, change from baseline to peak was 47.88 ± 6.92 Mean Pixel Values, time to peak (from injection) was 22.88 ± 6.79 s, and time to peak (from first upslope) was 13.88 ± 1.55 s. Data acquisition and analysis from constant rate infusions was more cumbersome than for bolus, and results were less repeatable. There were significant differences (p < .005) in upslope, downslope, peak values, and time to peak between the two methods. These baseline data may prove useful in the evaluation of dogs with diffuse hepatic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-454
Number of pages4
JournalVeterinary Radiology and Ultrasound
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003


  • Contrast ultrasound
  • Dog
  • Harmonic ultrasound
  • Liver
  • Perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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