Quantification of image texture in X-ray phase-contrast-enhanced projection images of in vivo mouse lungs observed at varied inflation pressures

Frank J. Brooks, Sean P. Gunsten, Sunil K. Vasireddi, Steven L. Brody, Mark A. Anastasio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To date, there are very limited noninvasive, regional assays of in vivo lung microstructure near the alveolar level. It has been suggested that x-ray phase-contrast enhanced imaging reveals information about the air volume of the lung; however, the image texture information in these images remains underutilized. Projection images of in vivo mouse lungs were acquired via a tabletop, propagation-based, X-ray phase-contrast imaging system. Anesthetized mice were mechanically ventilated in an upright position. Consistent with previously published studies, a distinct image texture was observed uniquely within lung regions. Lung regions were automatically identified using supervised machine learning applied to summary measures of the image texture data. It was found that an unsupervised clustering within predefined lung regions colocates with expected differences in anatomy along the cranial–caudal axis in upright mice. It was also found that specifically selected inflation pressures—here, a purposeful surrogate of distinct states of mechanical expansion—can be predicted from the lung image texture alone, that the prediction model itself varies from apex to base and that prediction is accurate regardless of overlap with nonpulmonary structures such as the ribs, mediastinum, and heart. Cross-validation analysis indicated low inter-animal variation in the image texture classifications. Together, these results suggest that the image texture observed in a single X-ray phase-contrast-enhanced projection image could be used across a range of pressure states to study regional variations in regional lung function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14208
JournalPhysiological Reports
Volume7
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • X-ray phase-contrast imaging
  • image texture
  • lung imaging
  • statistical learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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