Quantification of creatine kinase reaction rate in mouse hindlimb using phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopic fingerprinting

Kihwan Kim, Yuning Gu, Charlie Y Wang, Bryan Clifford, Sherry Huang, Zhi-Pei Liang, Xin Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Abstract. The goal of this study was to evaluate the accuracy, reproducibility, and efficiency of a 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopic fingerprinting ( 31P-MRSF) method for fast quantification of the forward rate constant of creatine kinase (CK) in mouse hindlimb. The 31P-MRSF method acquired spectroscopic fingerprints using interleaved acquisition of phosphocreatine (PCr) and γATP with ramped flip angles and a saturation scheme sensitive to chemical exchange between PCr and γATP. Parameter estimation was performed by matching the acquired fingerprints to a dictionary of simulated fingerprints generated from the Bloch-McConnell model. The accuracy of 31P-MRSF measurements was compared with the magnetization transfer (MT-MRS) method in mouse hindlimb at 9.4 T (n = 8). The reproducibility of 31P-MRSF was also assessed by repeated measurements. Estimation of the CK rate constant using 31P-MRSF (0.39 ± 0.03 s −1) showed a strong agreement with that using MT-MRS measurements (0.40 ± 0.05 s −1). Variations less than 10% were achieved with 2 min acquisition of 31P-MRSF data. Application of the 31P-MRSF method to mice subjected to an electrical stimulation protocol detected an increase in CK rate constant in response to stimulation-induced muscle contraction. These results demonstrated the potential of the 31P-MRSF framework for rapid, accurate, and reproducible quantification of the chemical exchange rate of CK in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere4435
Pages (from-to)e4435
JournalNMR in Biomedicine
Issue number2
Early online dateOct 27 2020
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • P spectroscopy
  • creatine kinase activity
  • magnetic resonance fingerprinting
  • magnetization transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Spectroscopy


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