Quality of life in MAP.3 (Mammary Prevention 3): A randomized, placebo-controlled trial evaluating exemestane for prevention of breast cancer

Elizabeth Maunsell, Paul E. Goss, Rowan T. Chlebowski, James N. Ingle, José E. Alés-Martínez, Gloria E. Sarto, Carol J. Fabian, Pascal Pujol, Amparao Ruiz, Andrew L. Cooke, Susan Hendrix, Debra W. Thayer, Kendrith M. Rowland, Pierre Dubé, Silvana Spadafora, Sandhya Pruthi, Lavina Lickley, Susan L. Ellard, Angela M. Cheung, Jean Wactawski-WendeKaren A. Gelmon, Dianne Johnston, Andrea Hiltz, Michael Brundage, Joseph L. Pater, Dongsheng Tu, Harriet Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: Exemestane, a steroidal aromatase inhibitor, reduced invasive breast cancer incidence by 65% among 4,560 postmenopausal women randomly assigned to exemestane (25 mg per day) compared with placebo in the National Cancer Institute of Canada (NCIC) Clinical Trials Group MAP.3 (Mammary Prevention 3) trial, but effects on quality of life (QOL) were not fully described. Patients and Methods: Menopause-specific and health-related QOL were assessed by using the four Menopause-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MENQOL) domains and the eight Medical Outcomes Study Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) scales at baseline, 6 months, and yearly thereafter. MENQOL questionnaire completion was high (88% to 98%) in both groups at each follow-up visit. Change scores for each MENQOL and SF-36 scale, calculated at each assessment time relative to baseline, were compared by using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Clinically important worsened QOL was defined as a MENQOL change score increase of more than 0.5 (of 8) points and an SF-36 change score decrease of more than 5 (of 100) points from baseline. Results: Exemestane had small negative effects on women's self-reported vasomotor symptoms, sexual symptoms, and pain, which occurred mainly in the first 6 months to 2 years after random assignment. However, these changes represented only a small excess number of women being given exemestane with clinically important worsening of QOL at one time or another; specifically, 8% more in the vasomotor domain and 4% more each in the sexual domain and for pain. No other between-group differences were observed. Overall, slightly more women in the exemestane arm (32%) than in the placebo arm (28%) discontinued assigned treatment. Conclusion: Exemestane given for prevention has limited negative impact on menopause-specific and health-related QOL in healthy postmenopausal women at risk for breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1427-1436
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Issue number14
StatePublished - May 10 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'Quality of life in MAP.3 (Mammary Prevention 3): A randomized, placebo-controlled trial evaluating exemestane for prevention of breast cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this