The southwestern corn borer (SWCB, Diatraea grandiosella Dyar) and sugarcane borer (SCB, Diatraea saccharalis Fabricius) are two related insect species that cause serious damage in maize production in subtropical and tropical regions of Central and Latin America. We analyzed quantitative trait loci (QTL) involved in resistance to the first generation of both borer species in two recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations from crosses CML131 (susceptible) x CML67 (resistant) and Ki3 (susceptible) x CML139 (resistant). Resistance was evaluated as leaf feeding damage (LFD) in replicated field trials across several environments under artificial infestation. Leaf protein concentration and leaf toughness were evaluated in one environment as putative components of resistance. The method of composite interval mapping was employed for QTL detection with RFLP linkage maps derived for each population of RIL. Estimates of the genotypic and genotype x environment interaction variances for SWCB LFD and SCB LFD were highly significant in both populations. Heritabilities ranged from 0.50 to 0.75. In Population CML131 x CML67, nine and eight mostly identical QTL were found for SWCB LFD and SCB LFD, respectively, explaining about 52% of the phenotypic variance (σ(p)/2) for each trait. In Population Ki3 x CML139, five QTL for SWCB LFD were detected, explaining 35.5% of σ(p)/2. Several of these QTL were found in regions containing QTL for leaf protein concentration or leaf toughness. A low number of QTL in common between the two RIL populations and between RIL and corresponding populations of F2.3 indicated that the detection of QTL depended highly on the germplasm and population type. Consequently, chances of successful application of marker-based selection (MBS) for corn borer resistance are reduced when QTL are not identified in the germplasm in which the final selection will be carried out.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|State||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agronomy and Crop Science