The potential role of pyridine nucleotide oxidation in the energization and/or regulation of membrane transport was examined using sealed plasma membrane vesicles isolated from red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) storage tissue. In this system, pyridine nucleotide oxidation, which was enhanced in the presence of ferricyanide, occurred. In the presence or absence of ferricyanide, the oxidation of NADH was several-fold greater than the oxidation of NADPH, indicating that it was the preferred substrate for oxidation in this system. Ferricyanide reduction coupled to NADH oxidation did not require the transmembrane movement of reducing equivalents since ferricyanide incorporated inside the vesicles could not be reduced by NADH added externally to the vesicles, unless the vesicles were made leaky by the addition of 0.05% (v/v) Triton X-100. Using fluorescent probes for the measurement of transmembrane pH gradients and membrane potentials, it was determined that NADH oxidation did not result in the production of a proton electrochemical gradient or have any effect upon the proton electrochemical gradient produced by the plasma membrane H+-ATPase. The oxidation of NADH in the presence of ferricyanide did result in the acidification of the reaction medium. This acidification was unaffected by the addition of Gramicidin D and stimulated by the addition of 0.05% (v/v) Triton X-100, suggesting a scalar (nonvectorial) production of protons in the oxidation/reduction reaction. The results of this study suggest that the oxidation of pyridine nucleotides by plasma membrane vesicles is not related to energization of transport at the plasma membrane or modulation of the activity of the plasma membrane H+-ATPase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology