The fill unit is the structure which collects blocks of instructions and combines them into multi-block segments for storage in a trace cache. In this paper, we expand the role of the fill unit to include four dynamic optimizations: (1) Register move instructions are explicitly marked, enabling them to be executed within the decode logic. (2) Immediate values of dependent instructions are combined, if possible, which removes a step in the dependency chain. (3) Dependent pairs of shift and add instructions are combined into scaled add instructions. (4) Instructions are arranged within the trace segment to minimize the impact of the latency through the operand bypass network. Together, these dynamic trace optimizations improve performance on the SPECint95 benchmarks by more than 17% and over all the benchmarks studied by slightly more than 18%.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Annual International Symposium on Microarchitecture|
|State||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Hardware and Architecture