Purification and properties of a bacteriophage-induced endo-N-acetylneuraminidase specific for poly-alpha-2,8-sialosyl carbohydrate units.

P. C. Hallenbeck, Eric R Vimr, F. Yu, B. Bassler, F. A. Troy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The soluble form of a bacteriophage-induced endo-N-acetylneuraminidase (Endo-N) specific for hydrolyzing oligo- or poly-alpha-2,8-linked sialosyl units in sources as disparate as bacterial and neural membrane glycoconjugates was purified approximately 10,000-fold and characterized. The enzyme appears homogenous by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and has a subunit Mr 105,000. This corresponds to one of the higher Mr phage proteins which comprises 7.5% (by weight) of the total phage protein. The holoenzyme is active at neutral pH and has a Mr by gel filtration of 328,000, suggesting that the active enzyme is a trimer. Endo-N requires a minimum of 5 sialyl residues (DP5, where DP represents degree of polymerization) for activity. The limit digest products from the alpha-2,8-linked polysialic acid capsule of Escherichia coli K1 are DP4 with some DP3 and DP1,2. DP2-4 do not appear to inhibit depolymerization of polysialic acid. Endo-N digestion of the polysialosyl moiety on neural cell adhesion molecules yields sialyl oligomers with DP3 and DP4. The presence of a terminal sialitol changes both the distribution of limit digestion products and the apparent minimum substrate size. Higher Mr alpha-2,8-linked sialyl polymers (approximately DP200) are better substrates (Km 50-70 microM) than sialyl oligomers of approximately DP10-20 (Km 1.2 mM). Endo-N activity is inhibited by DNA and several other poly-anions tested. An examination of the distribution of intermediate products shows that Endo-N binds and cleaves at random sites on the polysialosyl chains, in contrast to initiating cleavage at one end and depolymerizing processively. Endo-N can serve as a specific molecular probe to detect and selectively modify poly-alpha-2,8-sialosyl carbohydrate units which have been implicated in bacterial meningitis and neural cell adhesion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3553-3561
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume262
Issue number8
StatePublished - Mar 15 1987
Externally publishedYes

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Bacteriophages
Purification
Carbohydrates
Oligomers
Digestion
Molecular Probes
Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules
Holoenzymes
Depolymerization
Bacterial Meningitides
Glycoconjugates
Cell adhesion
Substrates
Enzymes
Electrophoresis
Cell Adhesion
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Polymerization
Escherichia coli
Capsules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Purification and properties of a bacteriophage-induced endo-N-acetylneuraminidase specific for poly-alpha-2,8-sialosyl carbohydrate units. / Hallenbeck, P. C.; Vimr, Eric R; Yu, F.; Bassler, B.; Troy, F. A.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 262, No. 8, 15.03.1987, p. 3553-3561.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The soluble form of a bacteriophage-induced endo-N-acetylneuraminidase (Endo-N) specific for hydrolyzing oligo- or poly-alpha-2,8-linked sialosyl units in sources as disparate as bacterial and neural membrane glycoconjugates was purified approximately 10,000-fold and characterized. The enzyme appears homogenous by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and has a subunit Mr 105,000. This corresponds to one of the higher Mr phage proteins which comprises 7.5{\%} (by weight) of the total phage protein. The holoenzyme is active at neutral pH and has a Mr by gel filtration of 328,000, suggesting that the active enzyme is a trimer. Endo-N requires a minimum of 5 sialyl residues (DP5, where DP represents degree of polymerization) for activity. The limit digest products from the alpha-2,8-linked polysialic acid capsule of Escherichia coli K1 are DP4 with some DP3 and DP1,2. DP2-4 do not appear to inhibit depolymerization of polysialic acid. Endo-N digestion of the polysialosyl moiety on neural cell adhesion molecules yields sialyl oligomers with DP3 and DP4. The presence of a terminal sialitol changes both the distribution of limit digestion products and the apparent minimum substrate size. Higher Mr alpha-2,8-linked sialyl polymers (approximately DP200) are better substrates (Km 50-70 microM) than sialyl oligomers of approximately DP10-20 (Km 1.2 mM). Endo-N activity is inhibited by DNA and several other poly-anions tested. An examination of the distribution of intermediate products shows that Endo-N binds and cleaves at random sites on the polysialosyl chains, in contrast to initiating cleavage at one end and depolymerizing processively. Endo-N can serve as a specific molecular probe to detect and selectively modify poly-alpha-2,8-sialosyl carbohydrate units which have been implicated in bacterial meningitis and neural cell adhesion.",
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