Purification and partial characterization of feline pepsinogen

Ursula Tress, Jörg M. Steiner, Craig G. Ruaux, Jan S. Suchodolski, David A. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective - To purify and partially characterize feline pepsinogen (fPG) from the gastric mucosa and compare fPG with PGs of other species. Sample Population - Stomachs of 6 cats. Procedure - A crude protein extract was prepared from the gastric mucosa of feline stomachs. Feline PG A was purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation, weak-anion-exchange chromatography, size-exclusion chromatography, and strong-anion exchange chromatography. Partial characterization consisted of estimation of molecular weights (MWs) and isoelectric points, N-terminal amino acid sequencing, and investigation of susceptibility to pepstatin inhibition. Results - Several fPG A-group isoforms were identified. The MWs of the isoforms ranged from 37,000 to 44,820. Isoelectric points were all < pH 3.0. The proteolytic activity of the activated PGs was inhibited completely by pepstatin in a range of equimolar to 10-fold molar excess. The specific absorbance of fPG A was 1.29. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of the first 25 residues of the predominant fPG A7 had 75%, 72%, 64%, and 56% homology with PG A of dogs, rabbits, cattle, and humans, respectively. Sequences of 4 other fPG A-group isoforms were similar to fPG A7. All isoforms were immunologically cross-reactive with sheep anti-fPG A7 antiserum. Conclusions and Clinical Relevance - PG A is the only identified type of PG in cats and, similar to pg in other species, comprises multiple isoforms. The availability of fPG A may be used to facilitate the development of an immunoassay to quantify serum fPG A as a potential marker for gastric disorders in cats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1195-1199
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research
Volume65
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Purification and partial characterization of feline pepsinogen'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this