Purification and characterization of methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein methyltransferase I in Bacillus subtilis

A. H.J. Ullah, G. W. Ordal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A methyltransferase that methylates one of the proteins involved in chemotactic adaptation to sensory stimuli in B. subtilis was purified to homogeneity. The enzyme utilizes S-adenosylmethionine as donor for a methyl group that is transferred to a glutamate residue in a 69000-mol.wt. membrane protein and also to a protein of 19000 mol.wt. The molecular weights of the denatured enzyme by sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis and of the native enzyme by gel-filtration chromatography both show the protein to be a 44000-mol.wt. monomer. Isoelectric focusing of the purified methyltransferase showed the protein to be a single species with isoelectric point pI 5.4. On the basis of a molecular weight of 44000, the molar absorption coefficient at 262 nm of the enzyme is 10.9x104 M-1.cm-1. The K(m) of the enzyme for S-adenosylmethionine is about 2 μM. The K(i) for S-adenosylhomocysteine is about 0.2 μM. Ca2+ is a competitive inhibitor of methylation, with a K(i) of 0.065 μM. The enzyme methylates membranes from the wild-type more efficiently than membranes isolated from a mutant strain defective in chemotaxis. The enzyme is unable to methylate Escherichia coli membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)795-805
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemical Journal
Volume199
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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