Punishing hypocrisy: The roles of hypocrisy and moral emotions in deciding culpability and punishment of criminal and civil moral transgressors

Sean M. Laurent, Brian A.M. Clark, Stephannie Walker, Kimberly D. Wiseman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Three experiments explored how hypocrisy affects attributions of criminal guilt and the desire to punish hypocritical criminals. Study 1 established that via perceived hypocrisy, a hypocritical criminal was seen as more culpable and was punished more than a non-hypocritical criminal who committed an identical crime. Study 2 expanded on this, showing that negative moral emotions (anger and disgust) mediated the relationships between perceived hypocrisy, criminal guilt, and punishment. Study 3 replicated the emotion finding from Study 2 using new scenarios where group agents were clearly aware of the hypocrisy of their actions, yet acted anyway. Again, perceived hypocrisy worked through moral emotions to affect criminal guilt and punishment. The current studies provide empirical support for theories relating hypocrisy and moral transgressions to moral emotions, also informing the literature on the role of moral emotions in moral reasoning and legal decision making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-83
Number of pages25
JournalCognition and Emotion
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anger
  • Disgust
  • Hypocrisy
  • Moral emotions
  • Morality
  • Psychology and law

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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