The majority of focused ultrasound applications today involve long, continuous exposures that produce significant temperature elevations for tissue ablation and irreversible coagulative necrosis. Comparatively little has been done with non-continuous (or, pulsed) exposures that can produce primarily mechanical effects with only minimal heat. Our investigations have shown that pulsed-HIFU exposures can non-invasively and non-destructively enhance the delivery of both systemically and locally injected materials (e.g. imaging agents, optical probes, and plasmid DNA) in both normal and cancerous tissues. It is hypothesized that the enhancing effects are directly linked to tissue displacement from locally-generated radiation forces. In normal tissue, it is thought that shear forces are produced between adjacent tissue regions experiencing non-uniform displacement. The resulting strain opens cellular junctions in both the vasculature and the parenchyma, increasing extravasation and interstitial diffusion, respectively. In solid tumors, improved delivery is thought to also be related to both an increase in fluid exchange that leads to decreased interstitial pressure, and disruptions of fibrillar collagen in the extracellular matrix. Preliminary experiments are presented that were carried out to help elucidate the mechanisms by which enhanced delivery was achieved, and possible directions for future investigations are discussed.