Puerto Rican-born women in the United States: Contextual Approach to immigration challenges

Venera Bekteshi, Mary Van Hook, Lenore Matthew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study focused on how acculturative stress and psychological distress affect Puerto Rican-born women residing in the United States. Mediation path analysis was used to estimate relationships between contextual factors, acculturative stress, and psychological distress. The fit of the data to the final model was adequate as estimated using chi-square analysis, comparative fit index, Tucker-Lewis Index, and root-mean-square error of approximation. Racial discrimination (b = 0.38, p = .01), difficulties visiting family abroad (b = 0.26, p = .03), and age at immigration (b = 0.19, p = .03) were positively associated with acculturative stress. The factor English skills (b =-0.31, p = .02) was negatively associated with acculturative stress. Racial discrimination had the strongest effect on acculturative stress, followed by English skills, difficulties visiting family abroad, and age at immigration. Racial discrimination (b = 0.39, p = .01) and financial constraints (b = 0.30, p = .01) were positively associated with psychological distress. Racial discrimination affected the women's psychological distress the most, followed by economic contexts (financial constraints). This study informs practitioners in considering the significant contextual factors relevant to the psychological distress of Puerto Rican-born women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-306
Number of pages9
JournalHealth and Social Work
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2015


  • Acculturation
  • Acculturative stress
  • Contextual approach
  • Latina immigrants
  • Puerto Rican women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)


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