L'espace public nuḿerique ̀a Toledo (Ohio)

Translated title of the contribution: Public computing sites in Toledo (Ohio).

Kate Williams, Abdul Alkalimat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the City of Toledo, Ohio, 253 public computing sites were identified and mapped. Their geospatial pattern, considered against demographics, suggests that commercial sites are located near more affluent residents, university sites near the future technocratic-managerial strata, government sites evenly across the population. As for community-funded sites, they are found near the affluent, as much as near the most impoverished. This pattern leads us to conclude that community-funded public computing plays an important role vis-a-vis the digital divide, with implications for guaranteeing democracy in an information society. A table lays out the social dynamics of these four categories of public computing.

Translated title of the contributionPublic computing sites in Toledo (Ohio).
Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)21-40
Number of pages20
JournalGeographie et Cultures
Issue number46
StatePublished - Nov 28 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Digital divide
  • Public computing
  • Toledo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Cultural Studies


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