Public and private sources of assistance for low-income households

Chi-Fang Wu, Mary Keegan Eamon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined the types and combinations of public and private assistance received by three types of low-income households, including those with children, without children, and elderly without children. Using data from the 1996 and 2001 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the results indicate that a large percentage of low-income households rely on public assistance, and receipt of private assistance is much less common. Approximately 7% of the sample use both types of assistance. The findings highlight differences in combinations of public and private assistance used by different household types. We also found some significant differences in the factors that determine receipt of public and private assistance. Practice and policy implications are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-149
Number of pages29
JournalJournal of Sociology and Social Welfare
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2007


  • Combination of assistance
  • Poverty
  • Private assistance
  • Public assistance
  • TANF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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