Pseudomonas oleovorans strain KBPF-004 culture supernatants reduced seed transmission of cucumber green mottle mosaic virus and pepper mild mottle virus, and remodeled aggregation of 126 kDa and subcellular localization of movement protein of pepper mild mottle virus

Nam Gyu Kim, Eun Young Seo, Sang Hyuk Han, Jun Su Gong, Cheol Nam Park, Ho Seop Park, Leslie L. Domier, John Hammond, Hyoun Sub Lim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Efforts to control viral diseases in crop production include several types of physical or chemical treatments; antiviral extracts of a number of plants have also been examined to inhibit plant viral infection. However, treatments utilizing naturally selected microorganisms with activity against plant viruses are poorly documented. Here we report isolation of a soil inhabiting bacterium, Pseudomonas oleovorans strain KBPF-004 (developmental code KNF2016) which showed antiviral activity against mechanical transmission of tobamoviruses. Antiviral activity was also evaluated in seed transmission of two tobamoviruses, Pepper mild mottle virus (PMMoV) and Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV), by treatment of seed collected from infected pepper and watermelon, respectively. Pepper and watermelon seeds were treated with culture supernatant of P. oleovorans strain KBPF-004 or control strain ATCC 8062 before planting. Seeds germinated after treatment with water or ATCC 8062 yielded about 60% CGMMV or PMMoV positive plants, whereas < 20% of KBPF-004-treated seeds were virusinfected, a significantly reduced seed transmission rate. Furthermore, supernatant of P. oleovorans strain KBPF-004 remodeled aggregation of PMMoV 126 kDa protein and subcellular localization of movement protein in Nicotiana benthamiana, diminishing aggregation of the 126 kDa protein and essentially abolishing association of the movement protein with the microtubule network. In leaves agroinfiltrated with constructs expressing the coat protein (CP) of either PMMoV or CGMMV, less full-size CP was detected in the presence of supernatant of P. oleovorans strain KBPF-004. These changes may contribute to the antiviral effects of P. oleovorans strain KBPF-004.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-401
Number of pages9
JournalPlant Pathology Journal
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus
  • Pepper mild mottle virus
  • Pseudomonas oleovorans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science

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