Proxy of monsoon seasonality in carbon isotopes from paleosols of the southern Chinese Loess Plateau

Hong Wang, Leon R. Follmer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Soil organic matter (SOM) and soil carbonate (SC) are common constituents in soils and are directly related to plant growth. SOM accumulates gradually from the decomposition of plant material over time, whereas SC formation is biased to dry-season soil-dissolved CO 2 that derives from plant respiration during a drying phase of the growing season. In some mixed C 3 -C 4 environments, the peak of C 3 and C 4 plant metabolism differs seasonally, and the carbon source that contributes to the SOM and SC can be different. Consequently, δ 13 C(SOM) values reflect an annual average of the floral biomass, but δ 13 C(SC) values reflect a seasonal aspect of the plant community. The relationship between δ 13 C(SC) and δ 13 C(SOM) is mainly controlled by how different the seasonal conditions are. Our results suggest that the relationship is a seasonal proxy that can be used to differentiate the seasonality effects of Indian, East Asian, and Siberian monsoons on the Chinese Loess Plateau during the last interglacial-glacial cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)987-990
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume26
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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