Provenance studies of midwestern pipestones using a portable infrared spectrometer

Sarah U. Wisseman, Thomas E. Emerson, Randall E. Hughes, Kenneth B. Farnsworth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Affordable, portable, and non-destructive instruments that work equally well in the field and in the lab are rare. For several years, our team of archaeologists and geologists at the University of Illinois has been using a Portable Infrared Mineral Analyzer (PIMA) along with X-ray diffraction and selected chemical techniques to determine the types and origins of pipestones used to make prehistoric North American figurines and pipes (Emerson and Hughes 2000).
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 37th International Symposium on Archaeometry, 13th - 16th May 2008, Siena, Italy
EditorsIsabella Turbanti-Memmi
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-14677-0
StatePublished - 2011


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