Experiments on the adsorption of α-zein (characterized by SDS-PAGE) from aqueous ethanol and 2-propanol solutions onto hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces are reported. Zein adsorption onto self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) was detected by surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Gold substrates were prepared by thermal evaporation on glass slides. Gold-coated surfaces were modified by depositing SAMs of either a long-chain carboxylic acid terminated thiol [COOH(CH2)10SH] or a methyl-terminated alkanethiol [CH3(CH2)7SH]. Experimental measurements indicated that zein interacted with both hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces. Zein concentration affected the thickness of bound zein layers. The estimated thickness of the zein monolayer deposited on hydrophilic surfaces was 4.7 nm. Zein monolayer thickness on hydrophobic surfaces was estimated at 4.6 nm. The topography of zein layers was examined by atomic force microscopy (AFM) after solvent was evaporated. Surface features of zein deposits depended on the adsorbing surface. On hydrophilic surfaces, roughness values were high and distinct ring-shaped structures were observed. On hydrophobic surfaces, zein formed a uniform and featureless coverage.
- Atomic force microscopy
- Biodegradable plastics
- Protein-fatty acid interaction
- Surface plasmon resonance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)