Purified RNA polymerase II from chicken leukemia cells was found to be an effective substrate for protein kinase C but not cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Protein kinase C catalyzed the incorporation of 1-2 mol of phosphate per mol of polymerase II and the reaction was totally calcium and lipid dependent. Electrophoresis studies revealed a time-dependent increase of phosphate incorporation into RNA polymerase II subunits of 220 KDa, 180 KDa and 150 KDa, with a preferential phosphorylation of the 180 KDa polypeptide. The phosphorylated enzyme has a preference for using single-stranded DNA as the template for transcription, including transcription of the single-stranded myb oncogene sequence. Phosphoamino acid analysis indicated that both serine and threonine residues were phosphorylated at equal amounts. Phosphorylation by protein kinase C increased the affinity of substrate-polymerase binding and the initial rate of RNA synthesis, suggesting a mechanism by which gene expression can be activated by protein kinase C.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jun 30 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology