Protecting Youth Against the Adverse Effects of Peer Victimization: Why Do Parents Matter?

Karen D Rudolph, Jennifer D. Monti, Haina Modi, Wing Yan Sze, Wendy Troop-Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Exposure to peer victimization is associated with a variety of adverse outcomes but there is individual variability in its effects, suggesting the need to identify why some youth are resilient in the face of victimization. This research examined whether (a) high-quality parent-child relationships protect youth against the effects of peer victimization on psychopathology (antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms); and (b) mitigation of social risks (deviant peer group affiliation and social helplessness) accounts for the protective effects of high-quality parent-child relationships. Youths (N = 636; 338 girls, 298 boys; Mage in 5th grade = 10.94; SD = 0.36) and their teachers completed survey measures at three annual waves across the transition to middle school (5th - 7th grade). Path analyses indicated that high-quality parent-child relationships attenuated the effects of pre-transition victimization on post-transition antisocial behavior, depressive symptoms, and social risks, with some effects differing by gender. As predicted, results suggested that the protective effect against antisocial behavior may operate through mitigated deviant peer group affiliation. This research identifies one key protective factor that contributes to resilience among victimized youth and suggests the importance of incorporating parental support into prevention programs for victimized youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Crime Victims
Parent-Child Relations
Parents
Peer Group
Depression
Psychopathology
Research

Keywords

  • Antisocial behavior
  • Depression
  • Parent-child relationships
  • Peer victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Protecting Youth Against the Adverse Effects of Peer Victimization : Why Do Parents Matter? / Rudolph, Karen D; Monti, Jennifer D.; Modi, Haina; Sze, Wing Yan; Troop-Gordon, Wendy.

In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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