Prospective clinical and radiographic evaluation of an allogeneic bone matrix containing stem cells (Trinity Evolution® Viable Cellular Bone Matrix) in patients undergoing two-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion

Timothy A. Peppers, Dennis E. Bullard, Jed S. Vanichkachorn, Scott K. Stanley, Paul M. Arnold, Erik I. Waldorff, Rebekah Hahn, Brent L. Atkinson, James T. Ryaby, Raymond J. Linovitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Trinity Evolution® (TE), a viable cellular bone allograft, previously demonstrated high fusion rates and no safety-related concerns after single-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures. This prospective multicenter clinical study was performed to assess the radiographic and clinical outcomes of TE in subjects undergoing two-level ACDF procedures. Methods: In a prospective, multicenter study, 40 subjects that presented with symptomatic cervical degeneration at two adjacent vertebral levels underwent instrumented ACDF using TE autograft substitute in a polyetherethereketone (PEEK) cage. At 12months, radiographic fusion status was evaluated by dynamic motion plain radiographs and thin cut CT with multiplanar reconstruction by a panel that was blinded to clinical outcome. Fusion success was defined by angular motion (≤4°) and the presence of bridging bone across the adjacent vertebral endplates. Clinical pain and function assessments included the Neck Disability Index (NDI), neck and arm pain as evaluated by visual analog scales (VAS), and SF-36 at both 6 and 12months. Results: At both 6 and 12months, all clinical outcome scores (SF-36, NDI, and VAS pain) improved significantly (p<0.05) compared to baseline values. There were no adverse events or infections that were attributed to the graft material, no subjects that required revisions, and no significant decreases to mean neurological evaluations at any time as compared to baseline. At 12months, the per subject and per level fusion rate was 89.4 and 93.4%, respectively. Subgroup analysis of subjects with risk factors for pseudoarthrosis (current or former smokers, diabetic, or obese/extremely obese) compared to those without risk factors demonstrated no significant differences in fusion rates. Conclusions: Patients undergoing two-level ACDF with TE in combination with a PEEK interbody spacer and supplemental anterior fixation had a high rate of fusion success without any serious adverse events related to the graft material. Trial registration: Trinity Evolution in Anterior Cervical Disectomy and Fusion (ACDF) NCT00951938

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number67
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 26 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ACDF
  • Allograft
  • Arthrodesis
  • Cervical spine
  • Multilevel
  • PEEK cage
  • Spine fusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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