It is important to develop new promoters of fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) catalyst to increase iso-paraffin yield and avoid the decrease of research octane number (RON) caused by olefin saturation in gasoline hydrofining. SAPO-11 and LaAPO-11 molecular sieves were used as promoters to FCC catalyst to increase gasoline RON and were tested in the cracking reaction of n-dodecane on FCC conditions. LaAPO-11 molecular sieve has less and weaker acidity than SAPO-11 molecular sieve. LaAPO-11's metallic sites polarize the C–H bonds to form carbenium ions for isomerization reaction and weak acid sites make less contributions to the cracking of iso-paraffin. LaAPO-11 promoter increases the yield of iso-paraffin (C5-9) from 6.4% to 10.2%. Besides that, a high yield of arene (2.0%) is caused by the dehydrogenation activity of LaAPO-11 promoter. The new contributions of this paper are the synthesis of a hydrothermal stable LaAPO-11 molecular sieve with isomerization activity and proposing the reaction routes of iso-paraffin. These new contributions are important for developing more effective RON promoters of FCC catalyst.
- Octane number promoters
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry